Quote:Query: What is the difference between a Sangheili General and a Sangheili Zealot (this includes both the gold and maroon variants)?
Query: How are CRS Light Cruisers able to carry or let in/out any Phantoms or Seraphs with their ridiculously small size and hanger doors?
That first one could easily be answered by me. Zealots are from the Ministry of Fervent Intercession while Generals are not.
Here's a note from Halopedia to explain more: In Halo: Combat Evolved and Halo 2, Zealots wear a gold-colored version of the standard combat harness. This led to the long-held misconception that golden armor reflects a Sangheili's status as a Zealot. It was first implied in Halo: Reach and later confirmed in Halo: The Great Journey: The Art of Building Worlds that golden armor merely indicates the wearer's position as a field commander. Halo: The Essential Visual Guide states that all the golden-armored Elites seen in the first two games are Zealots; the color of their armor thus indicates that all Zealots in these games are field commanders rather than, (or in addition to), being artifact hunters.
Second one is probably space magic.